What is 5G technology?

Let us start with a question. What is 5G technology? 5G stands for 5th generation wireless networking technology. As we are proceeding through the era of huge revolution in technology where there is a maximal use of super computers, internet gadgets and robotics there’s   need to be a wireless networking system which allows safe, fast and user friendly connectivity. 

5G is not simply an upgraded version of conventional 3G or 4G technology but it has higher levels of performance than the previous generations of mobile networking systems. 

Scope of 5G technology:

5G technology has 100 times better capacity than 4G. This means that if  you want to download a 2 hour movie, it will take 26 hours on 3G to download. 

To download it on 4G it will require 6 minutes and on 5G the movie can be easily downloaded in just 3.6 seconds. In 5G technology not only the speed is improved but the response time is also upgraded. 

5G technology has been postulated for many use cases including high speed data transfer, video streaming and downloading, remote control system with lower latency and autonomous vehicle communication system for safe transport. 

Response time is important and helps in online video gaming, online shopping and much more. The response time of 4G technology is approximately 45 milliseconds, whereas of 5G is 1 millisecond which is equals to blinking of an eye. 

cloud computing 5g technology

Working Principle of 5G:

5G network operates in the small geographical areas called cells, which are covered by service area providers. Analogue signals that represent sound and images are digitalized in the telephone, then they are converted by analogue to digital converter and transmitted as a stream of bits.

 All 5G wireless devices in a cell communicates through radio waves with local antenna and low power automated transceiver.  In one square kilometer, 5G network can support a million devices while 4G can only support 100,000 devices per square kilometer.

The International Telecommunication Union for Radio communication sector (ITU-R) has defined three major application areas for enhanced capabilities of 5G. These are

  • Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB).
  • Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications.
  • Massive Machine Type Communications.

Working Principle of 5G

Applications of 5G Technology in healthcare:

The arrival of 5G networks with high bandwidth and lower latency will directly contribute to better diagnosis and faster treatments that will save lives. 

Today there are not enough health researchers to meet the world’s need. 

We know that almost 2/3rd of the world’s population are living in under developing countries which do not have a direct access to affordable solutions or surgery.

We really have to use the technology which is in our hands like 5G to shorten the gap between what we offer and what we need to offer. 

The clarity of high definition videos in 5G will make its help in experiencing more comfortable and accurate through rural and remote areas. 

If better a surgeon can examine, the more accurate will be the diagnosis. 5G connected world will facilitate the streaming of real time data. It can monitor how much you are active, your heart rate and even your blood pressure with only a touch button. 

The use of virtual reality will be valuable for providing life like experiences in teaching medical procedures. 

Healthcare is about communicating and connecting better. Having low perceptible latency allows us to have real time conversations at a distance. 

We know that most of the people ask questions directly with the providers in order to successfully advised for the treatment. 

Remote surgery using robots will be reliable and deep learning to analyze the CT scans, MRIs, X-rays and other images to vastly improve one’s medical diagnosis. 

5G technology is going to cause a paradigm shift in healthcare. 

Everything from prevention to treatment, rehabilitation, teaching and mentoring will be enriched. 5G will elevate the quality of healthcare around the world. 

Future of connected cars:

Cars can talk to each other, interact with each other by traffic lights and can even see around the corners. The advent of 5G could make this real, bringing the fastest speeds and high bandwidth needed for the smart traffic systems and truly autonomous vehicles. But it is not the only option for connecting cars, its up against the most established 

Wi-Fi based technology.

There is a debate about which is better. The choice is between the existing Wi-Fi standards called DSRC or Dedicated Short Range Communication or C-V2X or cellular vehicle to everything. 

This system uses 5G networks. China was the first country to make the decision favoring cellular C-V2X technology for cars.

For recent development in 5G handling China is in early lead. China mandated the use of C-V2X technology, gave a dedicated base of spectrum. In US and European union, the C-V2X technology is undecided. There is a split on which technology is to use, setting the standard methods. Governments mandated technology.

Today it is estimated that 8.1 million car crashes and 44 thousand deaths could be prevented by the use of 5G technology. So, how is the technology is different? 

Both are designed to connect cars and infrastructure around them, but the cellular tech can harness a 5G network. The courage of greater bandwidth and accurately low latency with a difference of 1 millisecond, a vehicle can detect another vehicle around the corner which you cannot see is going to be critically important for safety levels. 

Why 5G is the best option for car safety and transportation? Because technology is mature enough and ready for the deployment. The supporters of cellular tech say that they have superior range and is more secure. 

BYTON will make its car in China and marketing itself with basic self-driving capabilities. The CV2X technology can evolve with each new cellular network. It will be as simple as switching the modem.

Critics of the Wi-Fi standards say that this technology is outdated and not appropriate with the cars of tomorrow. 5G CV2X  is now backed by 100 car manufacturers. As we start blending, 

5G technology cameras and sensors we will have to see far more transformations experiences. In US, General Motors is the only company which is using the older Wi-Fi connecting system. 

Future of connected cars

5G Companies:

  • Nokia:

Most of us know Nokia from making those phones that are even new back in the days but Nokia has absolutely changes dues as a business up then. Nokia is now a provider of mobile network equipment and technology. 

These technologies include ultra-broadband networks, IP networks, applications and other technologies. So it’s mainly a type of network Equipment Company. 

Most of the equipment of this company are based on 5G technology. They are among the top 3 global providers of 5G network equipment like 5G transmitters, which will soon be seen everywhere. So there is a lot of money to be made for Nokia.

Now very recently, the company has signed 3.5 billion dollars deal to supply mobiles having 5G hardware and software services. This is the massive deal for Nokia.  So how did Nokia made money from 5G? 

Firstly, it includes network speeding bundles in order to offer 5G to the costumers. Nokia is the company who provides the services and networks. As the worlds begin to adopt 5G, 

Nokia is going to be higher in the demand in providing the network equipment and already secured a massive deal. So there is the first way Nokia stands against the 5G.

The second thing is that the Nokia holds the significant amount of IP related 5G technology. Now, Nokia says that they would charge a maximum of 3 Euros for a handset in royal ties for 5G. this would be a nicer amount of passive income. 

Just think about how many 5G phones will get sold in the future which Nokia contact for each phone. As for stock, they are selling at a price of about 6 dollars. There are engineered negative incomes because they spend a lot in research and development for the 5G technology. 

This should pay off in the future and already has come beyond where the other companies has spent less in the past few years. Nokia has risen the share price and therefore they have that yield which isn’t bad. 

  • Ericsson:

Next we need to look at a Swedish company that is providing 5G equipment globally. Sony Ericsson which is a networking and telecommunication company specifically provides infrastructure, services and software to the industry and other sectors. One of the main type of infrastructure Ericsson provides is 5G. 

They are considered as the top 3 global providers of 5G networks. So, the companies like T-Mobile, Nokia and Ericsson provides their equipment worldwide. These equipment are in high demand. 

Ericsson had to create around 300 jobs in the United States just to keep up with the growing demand of 5G equipment. Ericsson has signed 38 operators of 5G and they have partners such as QUALCOMM and INTEL for initial 5G launches. They have got a platform that they think make easy for operators to switch from 4G to 5G. 

They have been building 5G radio systems since 2015. They really are early pioneers of this technology. They would have been first with live commercial networks in US, Europe, Australia and Asia. Today, Ericsson has public 5G contracts with more than any other big companies.

 On the basis of yield structures of 1.38%, it is considered as one of the fastest growing 5G provider companies.

  • Qualcomm:

Qualcomm is an American semiconductor and telecommunication equipment company that designs and markets wireless telecommunication products and services. One of their products is the new 5G modem which has just been released. This is a Qualcomm snapdragon X55 5G modem. This machine has the download speed of 7 Gigabits per second and uploading speed of 3 Gigabits per second. 

More and more companies tried to adopt 5G. Qualcomm can also sell its products in a small niche market. 

Think of how many smartphones this chip could began and how many of this would be sold off. This is why Qualcomm seems to be working at the hearts of 5G, across all the aspects of 5G design and are front runners in developing the technology. 

Qualcomm is selling its product in around 52 dollars which are sold in 75 dollars by other companies. This is the American company which is earning some positive profits.

  • Verizon:

Verizon is an American telecommunication business that offers wireless products and services. It is the largest wireless telecommunication provider in the US. They once were a company that provides 5G to the costumers at the top of the technology early on because they know the 5G will be in high demand with the technology and infrastructure. 

That’s why they have invested a lot in their new plans. New plan called 5G ultra-wide band which hopes to offer costumers faster speed of internet. 

Verizon is currently involved in lots of the cell sites which are needed for the 5G deployments. It will also covers 37.2 million miles of fiber optic cable for the foundation of 5G. Although this 5G plan has not yet been released. 

They are investing a lot of money in 5G to shorter than they can be early adapter of offering costumers 5G. This is going to change the user experience using Verizon.

The question arises that is it going to change the Verizon’s income in the equipment because at the end of the day, Verizon is still be making money from 4G anyways. The CEO of Verizon says that 5G will add in more tiers of revenue.

 For example, autonomous vehicles that will require 5G, healthcare exchange and more ways for making money for Verizon. As far as the selling products price is concerned the price is as same as Nokia. The PE ratio of Verizon is 14.74 and yields are 4.46%. 

  • CISCO:

CISCO is an American technology company that develops, manufactures and sells networking hardware, telecommunicating equipment and other high technology services and other products which are obviously not include 5G. 

As CISCO are looking to transform 5G networking which would make a critical and absolute path in 5G technology. It is believed that there will be 80% of mobile traffic is video in next few years. Obviously these videos would require 5G which runs better than 4G

Here are some of the mobile business markets which are 

Global connected cars Worth 141 billion US Dollars
Global smart cities Worth 1.45 trillion US Dollars
Global mobile video gaming Worth 115 billion US Dollars

 

Radiations from 5G technology and its effects on health:

5G for sure sounds like a promising new technology but some are concerned that it may have adverse health effects. In November 2018, there was a report published which suggested that in Netherlands, 300 birds have died due to 5G testing. 

Forums are awash with activists suggesting the dangers of cellphone radiations are being suppressed. So, 5G actually have health effects or is it just a conspiracy theory that is getting a little but out of hand?

Why people are so much concerned about 5G? The answer is in one word “radiations”. All of our connected devices emit radiofrequency electromagnetic radiations of different wavelengths. Low frequency wavelengths are used to powering smartphones, televisions and computers. 

This refers to as non-ionizing radiations. It is not considered strong enough to cause any health effects. On the other side of the spectrum, there are high frequency wavelengths such as ultraviolet radiations from the sun or X-rays. 

This is the most powerful type of radiations and is known as ionizing radiations. It can rip electrons away from atoms and do some real damage to DNA.

 And if we are exposed a lot to this type of radiations, it can introduce mutations to DNA causing the growth of diseases such as cancer. 

Fortunately, 5G radiations are non-ionizing. Completely different from the radiations coming from the sun or the x-rays. So, why people are afraid? There are few important changes coming with 5G that ate concerned with negative health effects. 

Firstly, it will be one millimeter wave technology and this uses high frequencies than 3G or 4G. This means that more base stations are needed and more antennas to ensure covering the same ground. 

Human skin is very effective barrier against bacteria, viruses and even weather. Ionizing radiations such as UV from the sun can penetrate the skin, whereas radio waves actually penetrate the skin without doing any damage at all. 

5G radiations fell smack in the middle. They only barely penetrate the skin and they don’t have enough energy required to damage DNA. 

Many critics of 5G technology point towards WHO (World Health Organization) that cellphone radiations could cause cancer. They are suggesting that cellphone radiations should be considered as carcinogenic. There is a large number of data on research and development on negative health effects of 5G. 

There is no direct link between 5G radiations and its negative health effects. This is because the wavelengths of 5G has been used in scanners and radars at the airports for a longer period of time. 

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